per

per
prep
1. [causa, motiu o objectiu; substitució, bescanvi o distribució; delimitació; favor; consideració; dependència] for
Va ser castigat per robatori - He was punished for stealing
Vaig deixar la feina per raons personals - I quit my job for personal reasons
Estem treballant per la justícia social - We are working for social justice
Estic fent cua per tu - I'm standing in line for you
Vam canviar el jersei per uns pantalons - We changed the sweater (Am.) / jumper (Br.) for some pants (Am.) / trousers (Br.)
Va vendre un quadre per quinze mil euros - He sold a painting for fifteen thousand euros
Un per tots i tots per un! - All for one and one for all!
és molt alt per l'edat que té - He's really tall for his age
2. [agent; mitjà; instrument; manera] by
Aquest sopar ha estat fet pels nostres marits - This dinner has been prepared by our husbands
Ella em va agafar per les mans - She took me by the hands
Encarreguem el menjar per telèfon - We order our food by phone
3. [lloc de pas] through
Han entrat per la finestra - They came in through the window
Respirem només pel nas - We are breathing only through our noses
nota: Cal esmentar les excepcions següents: la preposició 'per' es tradueix en anglès per 'by' en els girs 'per mar' i 'per terra' (by sea i by land) i per 'along' quan s'usa davant el nom d'una via (carrer, camí, carretera, etc.). Exemples: En el segle divuit era perillós viatjar per mar || It was dangerous to travel by sea in the eighteenth century; Anaven amb cotxe per la carretera || They were driving along the highway.
4. [per + infinitiu, que denota causa, bescanvi o preu] for + (gerundi)
Em van multar per aparcar en pas de peatons - They fined me for parking in a crosswalk
Us donarem 600 euros per pintar la casa - We'll give you 600 euros for painting our house
nota: Com a regla pràctica podem dir que, a grans trets, quan en castellà la preposició seria 'para', en anglès volem l'infinitiu 'to', sense cap preposició; en canvi, quan en castellà la preposició seria 'por', en anglès volem la preposició 'for' més el gerundi.
5. [per + infinitiu] to
Vaig a Girona per veure el meu oncle - I'm going to Girona to see my uncle
Tenia moltes coses per explicar - He had a lot to say
expr per a
1. for
Tinc una carta per al teu germà - I have a letter for your brother
Necessito aquests llibres per a la meva tesina - I need these books for my term paper
He comprat un pastís per a demà - I've bought a pastry for tomorrow
A les vuit surt un tren per a Madrid - A train leaves for Madrid at eight
2. [per a + infinitiu, que denota causa, bescanvi o preu] for + (gerundi)
és massa intel·ligent per a treballar aquí - He is too smart to work here
3. [per a + infinitiu] to
Us donarem 600 euros per a pintar la casa - We'll give you 600 euros to paint our house

Diccionari Català-Anglès. 2013.

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  • per — per·acetic; per·acid; per·act; per·acute; per·alkaline; per·aluminous; per·am·bu·lant; per·am·bu·late; per·am·bu·la·tion; per·am·bu·la·tor; per·am·bu·la·to·ry; per·a·na·kan; per·bend; per·borate; per·bromide; Per·bu·nan; per·ca; per·cale;… …   English syllables

  • per — pér prep. FO 1a. introduce determinazioni di spazio, spec. di moto per luogo, o indica un movimento entro uno spazio circoscritto; anche fig.: il treno passerà per Bologna, ho passeggiato a lungo per il parco, ha vagabondato tutto il giorno per… …   Dizionario italiano

  • Per — ist ein skandinavischer männlicher Vorname[1], abgeleitet vom griechischen Namen Petros (deutsch Peter). Weiteres zu Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens siehe hier. Andere Formen des Namens sind Pär und Peer. Namensträger Per Ahlmark (* 1939),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • per-2 —     per 2     English meaning: to go over; over     Deutsche Übersetzung: “das Hinausfũhren about”     Material: A. Dient as preposition, preverb and Adverb: a. per, peri (locative of Wurzelnomens) “vorwärts, in Hinausgehen, Hinũbergehen about …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • per se — 1 /pər sā, ˌper ; pər sē/ adv [Latin, by, of, or in itself] 1: inherently, strictly, or by operation of statute, constitutional provision or doctrine, or case law the transaction was illegal per se see also negligence per se at negligence; …   Law dictionary

  • per — /per/ prep. [lat. per ]. 1. [per indicare attraversamento di un luogo (compl. di moto per luogo): l aria penetra p. le fessure ; il corteo passerà per via Nazionale ] ▶◀ attraverso, da, in, lungo. 2. [per indicare il luogo entro il quale avviene… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • per- — ♦ Préfixe exprimant un excès de la quantité normale d un élément dans un composé chimique : peracide, peroxyde, persulfate, etc. per CHIM Préfixe qui servait à désigner les composés au degré d oxydation le plus élevé ou contenant le plus d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • per — [pə, pɜː ǁ pər, pɜːr] preposition 1. for each: • an average beef cattle price of $74.20 per hundred pounds • The price tag is $1500 per square foot of retail space. • Earnings per share rose 12% to 31.3 pence. • The Japanese have in recent years… …   Financial and business terms

  • per — W1S3 [pə strong pə: $ pər strong pə:r] prep [Date: 1300 1400; : Latin; Origin: through, by ] 1.) per hour/day/week etc during each hour etc ▪ The park attracts 4 million visitors per year. miles/kilometres per hour (=used for measuring speed) ▪ a …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Per — Per, prep. [L. Cf. {Far}, {For }, {Pardon}, and cf. {Par}, prep.] Through; by means of; through the agency of; by; for; for each; as, per annum; per capita, by heads, or according to individuals; per curiam, by the court; per se, by itself, of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • per — prep. (Termen comercial folosit în legătură cu preţul unei mărfi raportat la o unitate de măsură) Pentru, de fiecare. – Din it., germ. per. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  PER prep. (termen comercial; instrumental modal) pe,… …   Dicționar Român

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